Religion

Evangelical Church in the city of Sebeş, the Romanesque-style built in 1241 and later modified in Gothic style (14TH century), is located in the center of town. Its altar has a height of 13 m.

Franciscan church (14th St.), located in the northeastern part of the city is built in the former Dominican convent which receives elements of Baroque architecture in the 17th century.

Reformed Church
Each village has a special Church in its own way, well worth a visit; Therefore we advise you to visit the Orthodox churches in the villages: Petreşti, Loman, Laz and Şugag.
In Loman village there is a graveyard, particularly through the funeral pillars which stay at the head of the tomb , resembling with”Endless Column” of Constantin Brancusi.
The icons on glass from Laz village are known in all the country, and Laz is one of the villages of resource, over time, of artisans painters. Today Maria Poenaru Deac is the last descendant of the renowned Poenaru family that still preserved the folk art of painting on glass. If you will get into her house, you’ll have great merit to cherish beautiful folk art, in a House Museum that owns popular seams, particularly carpets and folk!

In the Şurianu mountains, unfortunately at the moment with a difficult access because of the unmaintained road, are two great monasteries, worth seeing: Teţ Monastery and the monastery of Oasa.


History

  Sebes is the first of the Transylvanian cities of which the King grants in 1387 the right to build a fortification. The works began in 16th-17th centuries, 8 towers, today it remains only 4: The Tailor’s Tower and Student Tower(in S-E), Shoemakers ‘ Tower in the North and Gateway Tower in the West. Fortress was surrounded with a channel full of water.
History Museum from Sebes , in Zapolya House, near the City Hall, has a heritage of over 20,000 objects from the fields of archaeology, natural sciences, painting (Sava Henţia paintings collection), a collection of old Romanian books and foreign objects from the medieval guilds of the city.
The fortress of Petreşti, made perhaps after the Turkish invasion in 1438, is located at the exit of the village upstream; the Tower St. Peter’s Monastery remained standing, built in enclosure.
The new Orthodox Church from Petresti, has a Museum of local life (history, crafts, religion, folklore, etc.)

Feudal fortress from Sasciori is remembered in the documentary in the year 1309, today we can get a glimpse of its walls remaining on the Hill of the village, at a height of 430 m, in the shape of an ellipse with diameters of 140 and 35 m. The fortress was used as a place of refuge. Access to it is made on the paths of Săsciori and Laz villages.

Dacian fortress of Capalna is situated on a spur at an altitude of 660m and has an oval shape; It was reconstructed in Burebista’s time, a noble residence in time of peace and a defence system of free Dacia in time of war. This is one of the most beautiful of the stone fortifications in southern Transylvania, being destroyed during the two wars fought by the Romans for the conquest of Dacia. The way up to the fortress is made from Gârgălaului Valley “Castle bridge” upstream of the village of Anton in about 30-40 min.

On the Peter Peack you can see traces of the Roman army Gemina III; access is from the Şurianu hut eastward in about 45 min-1 hr.

Nature

One of the most interesting monuments of nature is the Natural Reservation Red Dingle located at 3 km north of the town of Sebes. 125m high and with a southwestern 800 m, has a purplish-red color that comes from iron oxides. The water streaming down, the falls and slips over time formed a distinct relief represented by towers, columns, obelisks and pyramids of the Earth.
After crossing the village of Petreşti, upstream you can reach in the West at the Big Forest, located just 2 km from the asphalt road. Here the air is cleaner, and walks his paths gives you at least a couple hours of peace.

In the Bif Forest which is on the river Halinga, 3.5 km from the village of Petreşti, Raven Fountain which has an interesting legend about a lost ring of King Mathias, and a Raven that it would be taken from the king and have left it to fall into the fountain. After a while, an honest hunter would be found the ring and would be returned it to the King and since then the fountain is having this name.

If you arrive in Loman, it’s highly recommended to pull a run away up above until Pleşi (800 m) or even The Paths – Cărări (1380 m). The access road is unpaved, therefore it is recommended that you take a jeep. Once getting here, you will have a wonderful view in “all parts”! As well , here lived once dragons who fought loudly until it have given birth to “Dragon stone”.
From Laz you can climb up above the village Loman on the road to Hills- Dealuri, and then to Rudari. If you continue from Laz on the asphalt towards Căpâlna, 2 km more, you can follow Valea Boţi, that opens above on the same Rudari, and above Loman.

At the exit of Căpâlna village you can climb up on the Fortress Valley- Valea Cetăţii, close to the ruins of Dacian fortress, to arrive in the Cornet Hill- Dealul Cornetului; to continue a little on the asphalt, you will see the accumulation Lake Obreja, where you can fish or swim, unfortunately in off-piste conditions.

Geological Reservation Pintenii from Jina Coast consists of a series of cliffs and prominent consisting of crystalline schist. It is situated on the slopes of Lihoii Valley (a tributary of the Sebeş), above the village of Dobra. It is accessible on a trail that climbs from Şugag to Jina. Here was once the old road of shepherds that led to the alpine pasture of Lotru Mountains.

The gravels of the Turnilă Cave and Turni are located above the village in Şugag 30 min walk away, on the eastern slope of the Valley of Sebeş and are crystalline schist with aspect of gravel. The Turnilă cave is a place full of legends, where it is said that it would be hidden Turnilă of the Hungarian gendarmes for 10 years, because he had refused to enlist in the austro-Hungarian army.
Masa Jidovului is on the right slope of the Valley of Sebeş, at about 10 km from Şugag. It’s actually an isolated rock, composed of crystalline schist, which rises above 150 m high load bearing wall of the Valley for another 4-5 m, with an appearance of ‘ mass ‘. The myth says that the old Jews, called ‘ jidovi ‘, were considered giants, and only they could climb so high.

La Grumaji are isolated and prominent cliffs at 200 m upstream of the “Jidovului” table, forest of spruce, which in an exeptional way can be found at an altitude of 650 m; the explanation of this phenomenon is given by the fact that these natural spruces are remnants of the dominant vegetation in the cold periods of the Quaternary, they have adapted to the bald rocks better than other wood species.
Tinoavele Botanical Reservation from Luncile Prigoanei lies at an altitude of 1380-1450 meters on the upper course of the Prigoana stream and it is characterized by oligotrophic marshes, which are 7, on an area of 6.5 ha. There are a number of rare plants and glacial relict.

Iezerul Şurianu Reservation has an area of 1.2 hectares and comprises Iezeru Şurianu and a swamp formed by the exit of water from the glacial Lake. It stands at an altitude of 1750 m and keeps about 300 endemic species of diatoms with origins of glacial periods. Glacial movement is covered by a carpet of junipers almost continuously, cades and blueberries.

Iezerele Cindrelului Reresvation comprises cirques, glacial valleys and lakes Iezerul mare and Iezerul mic located on the northern slope of the Cindrel-Frumoasa platform. With a spread of 450 ha, 1750 min. elevation and max 2220 m, here are very well preserved traces of Quaternary glaciatiation. Here we can also find the mountain Peony (Rhododendron kotschyi) and flapes(Pinus cembra), chamois (Rupicapra Rupicapra), all protected by law.

Şurianu (2059) Peak and Peak of Pătru (2130) are the best known heights of the Şurianu mountains, that’s right, the most imposing; Here nobody is higher than your, at least in Sebeş Mountains!

Traditions

Petresti New Orthodox Church has a Museum of local life (history, crafts, religion, folklore, etc.).
Petreşti village, with an important Saxon influence, still maintain the tradition of the brass band from Petresti.
Museum of Loman, where there is a beautiful folk collection of Stancu family: painting on glass, folk costumes, notches in wood, ornaments, tools, etc.
Weavers at “razboi” and needlewoman who make traditional “stergatoare” you can encounter in the village of Loman, at the house of Elena Simioana or at Clintea family of Pleşi; carpets, embroideries, costumes and proud traditional textiles coming out of their insightful hand! To visit them, more …
On request you can have a “şezătoare”, an event that is no longer practiced, unfortunately, today; Fortunately there are people who still know the “şezătoare” tradition, and can be organized for those who want to live this experience.

You must be a shepherd to play the flute! And if some shepherds gather together to sing, then we are part of the Group of whistlers from Loman. They sing together at the events in the village or municipality, or organized “o şezătoare”.
In the village of Laz are icons on glass of the painter Maria Poenaru Deac, last descendant of the Peonaru family who keeps this tradition of painting; in her house you will admire the beautiful folk art, in a House Museum that owns popular seams, particularly carpets and folk costumes!

Life style

In Sebes city you can see its Saxon downtown, with an aspect of old and neatly market, recently renovated by the local authorities; Here you can visit the Zapolya House, an important monument of Gothic and Renaissance architecture dating from the late 15TH century.

The village of Petreşti is stately as settlement and life style due to the importance of Saxons who lived here. Many have gone, few have stayed, but those who stayed still know the mysteries of the life of their ancestors.

The Loman you can find very old houses, even in the middle of the village! Ask the villagers to guide you towards them! Also, not far away on “Plaiul Pleşilor” and at “Carari” the shepherds life and their sheepfolds are a way of life even nowadays.

In Laz in the past the wool was washed in the mill machine of Laz; now it is no longer permitted for ecological reasons…It’s vortex is maintained by the angry water…
If you pass trough Sugag you can not notice the large and beautiful houses of local people … and if we tell you that mostly they are shepherds, and they love it, do you believe us?
Their style is specific to “Marginimea Sibiului”, as well as the popular port for the entire Valley of Sebes.
In Dobra village, which is after Sugag village, you have a very important representative mirage of water mills. And it has not functioned in vain, because most all the polenta on the Sebes Valley was made with flour, grounded here … What can you do if the bread has become a dangerous substitute now…

And if you dared to climb up on ,,Patru Peack”, it’s worth noting the life at sheepfolds of the shepherds, who went there in the summer to make cheese as much and as better as possible! With sheepskin coats warned in any weather , and with the old bat, they are not afraid of anything, be it day or night, either Sun or rain or snow!

Events

Chrismas
Feast of Nativity of Jesus Christ yet manages to keep local tradition in addition to the great wave of trade what around us. Thus, in the evening of Christmas Eve children come to sing wonderful carols, others are special costumedto interpret “Irozii” or the “Star”;A week before there is taken place the abscission of the pig to make the greatcabbage rolls, baking pound cakes and selected cakes. And on Christmas day they go to the Church in large number to enjoy together the Birth of God!…

In the night of New Year’s Eve hildren sing “Plugusorul” from house to house, the year is shot by hunters, to make room for the New Year, and there are listen in all houses with joy the wishes of “cetei de feciori”! In the Epiphany, the priest enters every house in the village with “Jordan”,to bless the house and the family of that house!

The Brigt Weak before Easter is the time of humility and repentance,; painted eggs in onion peels and with models of grass; Is held on Friday at the Church, “Maslul” commemoration of the people from the village and towards evening they surround the Church with lit candles 3 times. And Sunday late in the night, with little-to-big it goes to the Church to enjoy all of the Lord’s resurrection, the light in his hand and “Easter” in the cup ( the ,,easter” is finely chopped bread in white wine, which you will be taken on an empty stomach before eating in the morning of the first day of Easter); Once home, we take “Easter” and eat breakfast buffet with many deli, what you certainly drives away hunger on that day!We pick the beautifully painted eggs saying “Christ is risen”; “Truly he is risen!” Second day of Easter the girls run from the boys perfumes or from pails of water, because girls must”get wet”! At lunch on Monday it is held “Easter Feast”, when it sacrifices a lamb pascal and, on this occasion, the villagers meet at a large and cheerful table!

In Saint George Feast residents of villages Pleşi, Tailor and Loman “tocmesc” (committed) shepherds, for each shepfold in the mountains; This meeting goes existed also at St. Paul, when they descended from the mountains and all go to great bargain from Săsciori, where once there were meetings, knowledge and wedding deals between young people.

Each Church or Orthodox monastery has a “birth”, a dedication day. For example the Church of the village of Laz and the monastery of Virgin Mary from Oasa, celebrating this Feast as a result of Saint Marie, on 15 august, another cause for the villagers to gather together with their sons go into the world!

Customs

An administrative custom extremely interesting is the “Commandments”, an event that happens in the villages of Loman and Şugag every Sunday after the world emerge from the Church (at about 12.30). Thus, the representative of City Hall or the Mayor himself speaks to residents about what was happening in the village last week, what important news were received and what is to be done for next week. The event is otherwise explainable, because the two towns have their own administrative structure, hamlets (Loman village) and villages
( Şugag village) spreaded on all belonging hills, so the people here, not few in number, can be informed about many important tasks in this manner only oral!

Transhumance is still going in, because we are at their limit of Mărginimea Sibiului,consequently shepherds and sheep owners are still in great numbers! In the spring the sheep are going to the mountains, to be milked and women make cheese; in the autumn they return to the lowlands, fearing blizzards and dangerous animals!

Feasts and fairs

“Nedeia de pe Sureanu” happens on July 20 still from the 16th century, to which the inhabitants of the Şugag, Loman, Tailor, Pleşi, Căpâlna, Sebeşel, participate and those in the Mărginimea Sibiului and Petroşani Depression.

„Zi bade cu fluiera”, in mid May in Şugag, pastoral folk celebration which occurs when the sheep climb on to the mountain (spring transhumance cycle).

„Nedeia de cunoştinţă” in Poiana Muierii in 15 august.
“The Onion”, country fair with many cattle and people, that takes place in Săsciori on 24 October of each year.

„The feast days of Sebeş”, the feast of Sebes city, was born not so long ago, but gathers o its streats each year the whole spirit of the Valley of Sebeş and other parts! It is eaten „mici”, sing folk songs or less popular, selling all sorts of things, drinking beer …